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European Embroidery

BLACK WORK –SPAIN

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Black work is a counted thread embroidery using straight stitches in a contrasting colour worked on even weave fabric. The true origin appears to have been the Arabs who in the 13th century traveled to England. 
It is believed that Spanish princess brought this embroidery to England, hence it is also known as "Spanish Black Work".

BRAZIL EMBROIDERY

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Embroidery of any kind uses stitches known and used for hundred of years in countless ways. Brazilian dimensional embroidery is no exception. 
The difference is that it doesn’t limit itself to specific stitches, it uses stitches from all types of needle work. Another difference is the thread, the thread used here in thicker, with a sheen and smoothness.

COUNTED THREAD

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Counted thread or Canvas embroidery is worked by counting the threads of the canvas and working each stitch over the stated number of threads therefore an even weave canvas must be used.

CRAZY PATCHWORK

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Is often referred to the Textile art of Crazy Patch Work. A Crazy Quilt rarely has the internal layer of Padding or Batting used in a normal Quilt. The pieces of Fabric used here is not cut to a specific shape & is not repeated at regular intervals of repeat. Hence it's called Crazy - it depends entirely on the end use,availability of Fabric pieces,and the mood of the designer.

CREWEL WORK

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To embroider is to embellish or adorn by means of a needle. Crewel embroidery is a type of surface embroidery worked only in crewel wool. It is the most traditional of English embroideries. 
Crewel wool is a two-ply worsted wool or yarn. As a result of being worked in wool, crewel embroidery is much thicker and the stitching lies above the background fabric – not just on it. 
It has been in existence for more than ten centuries,

CROSS STITCH

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This is a type of counted thread embroidery. It requires no tracing of designs and is worked on even weave fabric, by counting the threads of the fabric, following a pattern. 
Cross stitch is one of the more easy to learn needle crafts and the most popular as well. It is a great pass time because it gives people who long to create the opportunity to be artistic – even if they don’t feel they have the wealth of artistic talent.

CUT WORK

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Cut work is the most open of all open work and is well known as eyelet lace. This form of open work embroidery came into vogue in the 16th century and is still popular today. It is used on table linens for decorative details on blouses and dresses. 
Cut work embroidery is a beautiful form of needle work where portions of the background fabric are cut away. Large cut out areas one reinforced and with embroidered bars, worked to bridge the areas and stabilize their side.

DRAWN THREAD WORK

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Drawn thread work is one of the oldest forms of embroidery and its origin dates back to Biblical times. Through the years Drawn thread work has been done in Greece, Italy, Russia, Germany and Spain. At the end of the 16th century the Drawn thread embroidery on fine linen was introduced to England by the Royal household. 
Traditionally Drawn thread work is always worked on white or natural linen with self coloured threads.

RIBBON WORK

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Ribbon embroidery as a creative needle work originated in France in the mid 17th century. It was used to embellish Royal gowns, waistcoats and for religious vestments. 
Ribbon embroidery requires patience and practice, but most designs are worked quickly and the results are stunning.

SMOCKING

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Best known as the charming traditional decoration on children’s dresses. Smocking is ideal for controlling and gathering fullness, but can also be used creatively to produce interesting textural effects.

QUILTING

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It refers to the process of creating a Quilt or to the sewing of 2 or more layers of fabric together to make a thicker padded material. Many steps are involved like,joining of layers, designing,piecing,appliqué,binding etc. Quilting can be done by hand or by sewing machine.